The Tom Collins is a Collins cocktail made from gin, lemon juice, sugar, and carbonated water. First memorialized in writing in 1876 by Jerry Thomas, “the father of American mixology”, this “gin and sparkling lemonade” drink is typically served in a Collins glass over ice.
The martini is a cocktail made with gin and vermouth, and garnished with an olive or a lemon twist. Over the years, the martini has become one of the best-known mixed alcoholic beverages. H. L. Mencken called the martini “the only American invention as perfect as the sonnet” and E. B. White called it “the elixir of quietude”.
1 oz cream of coconut
1/3 cupfrozen strawberries
1 mint sprig
The Negroni cocktail is made of one part gin, one part vermouth rosso (red, semi-sweet), and one part Campari, garnished with orange peel. It is considered an apéritif.
Caipiroska is a form of Caipirinha prepared with vodka instead of the usual cachaça. It is a popular cocktail in Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina. It is also sometimes known as Caipivodka and Caipirodka. It has grown in popularity in recent years as access to international vodkas continues to diversify in South America.
Although the “proper” way to make a Caipiroska is a matter of quite varied opinion, the basic recipe requires:
60 ml (2.1 imp fl oz; 2.0 US fl oz) vodka
½ lime, cut into wedges
1 teaspoon brown sugar
1 teaspoon raw or turbinado sugar
Use an old fashioned or highball glass.
A “fizz” is a mixed drink variation on the older sours family of cocktail. Its defining features are an acidic juice (such as lemon or lime) and carbonated water.
A gin fizz is the best-known cocktail in the fizz family. A gin fizz contains gin, lemon juice, and sugar, which are shaken with ice, poured into a tumbler and topped with carbonated water. The drink is similar to a Tom Collins, with a possible distinction being a Tom Collins historically used “Old Tom Gin” (a slightly sweeter precursor to London Dry Gin), whereas the kind of gin historically used in a gin fizz is unknown.
Simple variations on the gin fizz are
- Silver fizz – addition of egg white
- Golden fizz – addition of egg yolk
- Royal fizz – addition of whole egg
- Diamond fizz – sparkling wine instead of carbonated water, more commonly known as a “French 75”.
- Green fizz – addition of a dash of green crème de menthe
- Purple fizz – with Sloe gin and grapefruit juice (instead of gin and lemon juice)
The first printed reference to “fiz” is in the 1887 edition of Jerry Thomas’s Bartender’s Guide, which contains six such recipes. The fizz became widely popular in America between 1900 and the 1940s. Known as a hometown specialty of New Orleans, the gin fizz was so popular that bars would employ teams of bartenders that would take turns shaking the drinks. Demand for fizzes went international at least as early as 1950, as evidenced by its inclusion in the French cookbook L’Art Culinaire Francais published that year.
Το Αλεξάντερ είναι ένα κοκτέιλ το οποίο γίνεται με κονιάκ ή τζιν, λικέρ σοκολάτας και κρέμα. Πρωτοφτιάχτηκε στο Λονδίνο το 1922 από τον Henry mc Elhone στο «Ciro’s club». Λέγεται πως το πρώτο όνομα αυτού του κοκτέιλ ήταν «Παναμάς», στο οποίο αντί για κονιάκ χρησιμοποιούταν τζιν.
Υπάρχουν δύο υποθέσεις για την καταγωγή του Αλεξάντερ:
- από το όνομα του Μεγάλου Αλεξάνδρου έναν από τις μεγαλύτερες προσωπικότητες της αρχαίας Ελλάδας,
- από τον στρατάρχη Αλέξανδρο, ο οποίος έγινε κόμης της Τύνιδας, μετά τη νίκη στο Αλ Αλαμέιν το 1943.
1 μέρος τζιν ή μπράντυ
1 μέρος κρεμ ντε κακαο
1 μέρος κρέμα